TRAINING PLAN – LEAN MUSCLE GAIN
n this program we concentrate on building lean defined muscle rather than bulk or volume, this will result in an athletic build. The program consists of lower reps, heavier weights and longer rest. This ensures that maximum effort can be made during each set and each exercise. The weights used will be about 80% of the maximum and due to this more rest will be given for recovery between sets.
Larger muscle groups are trained first as they require more effort and therefore more energy.
Basic exercises are used so that form can be concentrated on, as well as allowing for higher weights to be used.
The theory of training to a maximum weight on one set of a major muscle group is also used. Training in this manner occasionally ensures that the person exercising innervates more muscle fibers than are usually used, ensuring maximum effort. This increases strength and is a key contributor to an increase in lean muscle gains. This is an excellent way to break through training plateaus, where the body seems to have temporarily stopped improving.
THE WEEKLY SCHEDULE
Use the sessions as described below in combination on each day of the week:
|Monday||Training Session 1||Core|
|Tuesday||Cardio Session 1||Abs 1|
|Wednesday||Training Session 2||Core|
|Thursday||Cardio Session 2|
|Friday||Training session 3||Core|
|Saturday||Cardio Session 3||Abs 2|
Click here to view each training session and a brief description of the muscle groups:
TRAINING SESSION 1
Working your Legs, Glutens and Lower Back
|Forward Lunges||3||10||1 min||Concentrate on balance and coordination|
|Back Squats||3||8||1 min||Contract core muscles|
|Leg Curls||3||10||1 min||Slow and Controlled|
|Leg Extension||3||8||1 min||Slow and Controlled|
|Leg Press||3||8||1 min||Last set as heavy as you can; 4-6 reps, maximum effort|
|Back Extension||3||10||1 min||Slow controlled movements; Done to ensure that abs and back strength ratios are correct|
TRAINING SESSION 2
Focusing on your Chest, Triceps and shoulders
|Flat Bench Press with Dumbells||3||8||30 sec||Squeeze dumbells together at the top to work the inner pecs|
|Barbell Bench Press||3||8||30 sec||3rd set as heavy as possible; 4-6 reps|
|Cable Crossovers||3||10||30 sec||Slow controlled movements both on contraction and relaxation|
|Military Press||3||10||30 sec||Contract core muscles|
|Shoulder Shrugs||3||12||30 sec|
|Reverse Tricep Extensions||3||12||30 sec||Keep elbows as close together as possible|
|Seated Tricep Press||4||8||30 sec|
TRAINING SESSION 3
Training your Back, Biceps and Calves
|Lat Pull Down||3||8||0||Superset|
|Seated Row||3||10||1 min||Concentrate on pulling shoulder blades together|
|Bent Over Row||3||10||1 min||Slow and Controlled|
|Alternating Dumbell Curls||3||16||1 min||8 reps a side|
|Cable Double Bicep Curls||3||8||1 min||Slow and Controlled|
|Hammer Curls||3||16||1 min||8 reps a side|
|Bent Leg Toe Press||3||10||1 min|
|Seated Calf Raises||3||15||1 min||Straight, inside, outside|
ABS AND CORE
To be done with Cardio
|Bridge with Leg Extension||Erector Spinae||30 sec||4||30||2 sets per side|
|Standard Bridge||Entire Core||60 sec||2||15 sec|
|Side Bridge||Abdominal||30 sec||2||15 sec||2 sets per side|
|3 inches||Abdominal||60 sec||2||15 sec|
|Crunches||Abdominal||20||Super Set x3|
|Seated Flat Leg Pull Ins||Abdominal||4||15||30 sec||Superset x3|
|Hanging Leg Raises||Abdominal||3||10||30 sec|
|Hanging Torso Rotation||Abdominal||3||16||30 sec|
Trainers can select from any of the following modes of large muscle group rhythmic exercises:
• Cross training
This choice is then used to perform the cardiovascular exercise sessions described below.
Cardio Session 1 – Choose a few of the modes listed above and spend 5min on each, with a focus on high intensity. Make quick changes after each 5min is up, and get going again. Continue this for 20-40min in total. It is important that you have maintained a sustained HARD effort throughout.
Cardio Session 2 – This is an interval session. Choose one of the modes listed above and perform the work in the following way: spend 2min working very hard, followed by 1min of easy recovery, then repeat the sequence for a total of 20-30min. Ensure you recover well enough on the easy parts to be able to work hard for the 2min bursts.
Cardio Session 3 – Choose a maximum of 2 of the modes listed above. You have 30-50min in total to perform as much work as possible. That means, in a continuous effort, try to get the most distance, calories, or average power over the whole workout. This is what is meant by a time trial attempt. You will need to work hard and sustain the effort.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE MUSCLE GROUPS
Legs – Consist of the Quads at the front of the thigh, the Hamstrings which make up the back of the thigh, the Hip flexors which include the abductors on the outside of the leg and the adductors on the inside of the leg.
Gluteus – These are the big muscles covering the butt.
Lower Back – The erector spinae, which extends the back, aids in good posture and is part of the core group of muscles.
Chest – The muscles of the chest are known as the Pecs, they are the large fan shaped muscles that covers the front of the upper chest.
Shoulders – They consist of the Trapezius, which run from the back of the neck to the shoulder and the deltoids, the cap of the shoulder.
Triceps – The back of the upper arm, which is exercised by pushing movements.
Biceps – Muscles includes the Latisimus Dorsi or the Lats, which are the large muscles of the mid back, they give the back a nice V shape, making the waist appear smaller. It also includes the Rhomboids which are situated in the middle of the upper back, between the shoulder blades.
Calves – The lower leg, made up of the gastrocnemius and the soleus. The gastrocnemius gives the calf its round shape and the soleus runs beneath it.